Vicki Hudgins USA
History of Caspian DNA Project
The Caspian Horse Blood Analysis and Typing Project started in 1990 as
a funded Research Project conducted by Dr. E. Gus Cothran DVM at the
University of Kentucky Equine Blood Typing Research Laboratory in
Lexington, Kentucky. The blood typing analysis identified Blood Group
Markers and Biochemical Markers of the Caspian horse.
In 1990 the first group of Caspian blood samples tested was from 3
Iranian registered (imported into England) Caspians and 51 English
The second group of blood samples were tested in 1991 consisted of 19
registered Caspian horses in Iran, 10 of which were Foundation and the
remaining 9 were second generation. Again in 1993, 22 Iranian
registered Caspians were tested, 8 of those were foundation.
This constitutes the quite impressive base for the funded Caspian
Horse Blood Typing Research Project. The value is remarkable
considering so many Foundation and second generation Caspian horses
are included. Between 1994 and 2000, 180 DNA hair samples from Iranian
Caspians were added.
In 1994 The Caspian Horse Society of the Americas founded by Patrick Carmack, became the first
Caspian Society to make blood-typing (later in
2002 DNA) mandatory for all horses entered in its Registry. Starting
in May 1994, when 2 stallions, Kineton Kalif and Runnymede Karamat and
6 mares, Mote Shalaby, Mullacot Bathsheba, Mullacot Chestnut,
Runnymede Beryl, Henden Shazee, and Shepton Terraneh were imported to
develop the first pure bred Caspian breeding program in the United
Between 1994 and 2009 the USA breeders have personally paid for and contributed samples *(blood/hair) from
152 imported and 492 US born Caspian horses to this project. Donations paid for an additional 204 samples for Caspian horses in England,
Australia and other countries that had not been previously tested have
been included. For a total of 848 horses and more
Donations also provided the funds required for
special handling for storage, packaging and shipment of the sensitive
and delicate frozen blood samples to be relocated from the University
of Kentucky to Texas A & M.
The USA breeders have always considered parentage
verification and supporting scientific research on the Caspian horse
not only as a high priority but should be mandatory for all Caspian
Societies. The most difficult, expensive and time consuming aspects of
establishing an effective and usable DNA base to use in parentage
verification has been done. The USA breeders have been requiring DNA/
Bloodtyping for 15 years and have paved an easy path for other
Breeders to follow.
The responsibility of contributing to
this invaluable Caspian DNA base must be considered more throughout
the world. All Caspian Societies, breeders and owners must weigh the
value of having a DNA tested, parent qualified pure bred Caspian Horse
verses an additional $35.00 of expense.
Not only does DNA testing establish parentage, the samples are
included and stored with other Caspian horse materials for current and
future research studies!!!
*Both blood (cost $50.00) and hair samples ($35.00) for all Caspian
horses imported or born before 2002. For Caspian horses born or
imported after 2002, only hair samples were submitted. Each individual
USA owner and breeder paid for the testing of their horses. Owners of
horses born or imported before 2002 paid for both tests on each
Vicki Hudgins, Texas, USA. autum 2013